Sharad Raj

Sharad Raj

Full Stack Developer | ML and Open Source Enthusiast | Linux Geek | Final year student of BCA | Open to Opportunities

Saving a web page using terminal

Published on 03 Jun 2019 by Sharad Raj

So I’m back with yet another interesting topic for today.

We all know the loading time that Chrome/Chromium/Firefox/IE or any other Web Browser usually takes but due to the Graphical interface we all love them (Except Developers!).

Today we will briefly go through the topic of this blog post i.e. saving a web page using terminal, and to do so we are going to use a simple yet powerful Linux command line tool wget.


According to the official website

GNU Wget is a free software package for retrieving files using HTTP, HTTPS, FTP and FTPS the most widely-used Internet protocols. It is a non-interactive commandline tool, so it may easily be called from scripts, cron jobs, terminals without X-Windows support, etc.

So let’s get started.


  1. Checking wget is installed or not: In order to check type the following command in your terminal:
    wget --version
    

    It will show some output like this:

    GNU Wget 1.19.4 built on linux-gnu.
    
    -cares +digest -gpgme +https +ipv6 +iri +large-file -metalink +nls 
    +ntlm +opie +psl +ssl/openssl 
    
    Wgetrc: 
        /etc/wgetrc (system)
    Locale: 
        /usr/share/locale 
    Compile: 
        gcc -DHAVE_CONFIG_H -DSYSTEM_WGETRC="/etc/wgetrc" 
        -DLOCALEDIR="/usr/share/locale" -I. -I../../src -I../lib 
        -I../../lib -Wdate-time -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -DHAVE_LIBSSL -DNDEBUG 
        -g -O2 -fdebug-prefix-map=/build/wget-Xb5Z7Y/wget-1.19.4=. 
        -fstack-protector-strong -Wformat -Werror=format-security 
        -DNO_SSLv2 -D_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64 -g -Wall 
    Link: 
        gcc -DHAVE_LIBSSL -DNDEBUG -g -O2 
        -fdebug-prefix-map=/build/wget-Xb5Z7Y/wget-1.19.4=. 
        -fstack-protector-strong -Wformat -Werror=format-security 
        -DNO_SSLv2 -D_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64 -g -Wall -Wl,-Bsymbolic-functions 
        -Wl,-z,relro -Wl,-z,now -lpcre -luuid -lidn2 -lssl -lcrypto -lpsl 
        ftp-opie.o openssl.o http-ntlm.o ../lib/libgnu.a 
    
    Copyright (C) 2015 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
    License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later
    <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
    This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
    There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.
    
    Originally written by Hrvoje Niksic <hniksic@xemacs.org>.
    Please send bug reports and questions to <bug-wget@gnu.org>.
    

    Now if you have output like the above you are good to go, otherwise you need to install wget by executing the following command:

    sudo apt-get install wget -y
    
  2. Saving an offline page using wget: Before beginning this switch to your Desktop or any other directory (for beginners in linux). By executing :
    cd Desktop/
    

    Then execute:

    wget https://example.com
    

    After executing the following command you will have an index.html file saved in the folder you have opened your terminal. You can replace https://example.com with some other URL.